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  • DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS:India to have Normal Monsoon with no El Nino effect in 2022:IMD

India to have Normal Monsoon with no El Nino effect in 2022:IMD

Tags: Popular Science and Technology

The Indian Meteorological Department(IMD) has forecasted a normal South West Monsoon for the country and has changed the definition of normal monsoon.

  • According to the IMD, India would get 99% of the long period average (LPA) rainfall .  

  • The prediction of the IMD is based on  the LPA of the 1971-2020 period, during which India received 87 cm of rain for the entire country on average.

  • A monsoon is considered “normal” when rainfall falls between 96% and 104% of the LPA.

  • The IMD does not expect an El Nino condition  as La Nina conditions  are prevailing over the equatorial Pacific and it expects it to continue during the Monsoon period. 

  • The IMD expects a normal to above normal rainfall in the northern parts of peninsular India, central India and the Himalayan foothills. Many parts of northeast India and southern parts of South India are expected to see a subdued monsoon.

Calculation of LPA

According to the IMD Director-General M. Mohapatra,  the definition of the LPA is  updated every decade. 

  • The 89-cm average was computed based on a 50-year average from 1951 to 2000; the 88 cm based on average for the period from 1961 to 2010; and the latest is based on the average for the period from 1971 to 2020.

  •  Over a century, the average rainfall changes every decade with roughly 30 years of a declining trend followed by 30 years of an upswing.

  • According to Dr. Mohapatra India is currently  at the end of a dry epoch and India seems to be entering a wet epoch.  

El Nino  and La Nina 

  • El Nino which in Spanish means little boy or “Christ Child”  is a climatic phenomena which describes the unusual warming of the eastern Pacific ocean near the coast of Peru in South America .

  •  El Niño events occur irregularly at two- to seven-year intervals.

  •  El Niño also produces widespread and sometimes severe changes in the climate. It affects the monsoon in India . A strong El Nino leads to failure of monsoon in India leading to droughts.

La Nina 

  • It means little girl in Spanish. It is the opposite of El Nino .

  •  It is a climatic phenomena which describes cold conditions in the eastern pacific ocean  near the coast of Peru in South America .

  •  A strong La Nina means a normal or above Monsoon in India .

Indian Meteorological Department

It comes under the Ministry of Earth Science, Government of India 

It was set up in 1875

Headquarter : New Delhi 

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