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More than 4.70 crore cases pending in various courts of the country

Tags: National

According to Union Law and Justice Minister Kiren Rijiju, more than 4.70 crore cases are pending in various courts of the country. Of these, 70,154 cases were pending in the Supreme Court till March 2 this year and 58,94,060 in 25 High Courts of the country till March 21. While this does not include the pending cases in Arunachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep and Andaman-Nicobar.

More than 58.39 cases pending in High Court:

  • There are more than 58.39 cases pending in the High Court, in which there are more than 42 lakh civil cases and 16.39 lakh criminal cases. Of these, 86.2 percent cases are pending for more than a year.

  • While the data of pending cases in Arunachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep and Andaman-Nicobar is not available with the National Judicial Data Grid.

Reasons for pending cases in courts:

  • According to the National Judicial Infrastructure Board, the budget allocated for improving the infrastructure of the judicial system in the budgets of the central and state governments is not even one percent of GDP, leading to lack of basic facilities in courts across the country.

  • Along with this, stay is in 28.4 percent of the cases. This is the main reason for pending cases.

  • The Registry of the Supreme Court of India compiles data on the state of judicial infrastructure and court facilities.

  • A proposal has been received from the Chief Justice of India to set up the National Judicial Infrastructure Authority of India (NJIAI) to provide adequate infrastructure for courts.

  • According to this proposal, the Chief Justice of India will be the patron of this institution. NJIAI will prepare a road map and act as a central body to plan, build, develop, maintain and manage the functional infrastructure for the Indian court system.

National Judicial Infrastructure Authority (NJIAI):

  • The proposed NJIAI will function as a central agency, with each state having its own State Judicial Infrastructure Authority on the lines of the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) model.

  • NALSA was formed to establish a nationwide network to provide free and efficient legal services to the weaker sections of the society.

  • The control of budget and infrastructure development of subordinate courts in the country will be under NJIAI.

  • Unlike NALSA which is serviced by the Ministry of Law and Justice, the proposed NJIAI would be placed under the Supreme Court of India.

  • It will not suggest any major policy changes, but will give the Supreme Court complete freedom to engage in ongoing projects to strengthen courts at the grassroots level.

Other important facts:

  • The primary responsibility for the development of infrastructure for the judiciary rests with the state governments.

  • To augment the resources, the Central Government is providing financial assistance to the State Governments and Union Territories in the fund sharing pattern. This system was implemented from 1993-94.

  • So far, the Central Government has allocated Rs.8758.71 crore to the States/UTs.

  • 5314.40 crore has been released since 2014-15 till date which is about 60.68% of the total release under this scheme.

  • The government has approved the continuation of this Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for a period of five years from April 1, 2021 to March 31, 2026.

  • Its total is Rs.9000 crores, and this includes the Centre's share of Rs.5307 crores.

  • Court halls and residential units in district and subordinate courts, besides construction of toilets, digital computer rooms and lawyers' halls have also been expanded by inclusion in the plans.

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