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  • Home
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  • DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS:Serum Institute to Launch India's First Cervical Cancer Vaccine on 1 September

Serum Institute to Launch India's First Cervical Cancer Vaccine on 1 September

Tags: National Science and Technology

The indigenously-developed India's first Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus vaccine (qHPV) against cervical cancer will be launched by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology Jitendra Singh on 1 September, 2022.

Who has developed the vaccine :

  • The cervical cancer vaccine, cervavac, has been developed by the Serum Institute of India (SII) and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India.
  • The Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) on 12 July 2022 granted market authorisation to Serum Institute of India (SII) to manufacture the indigenously-developed India's first Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus vaccine (qHPV) against cervical cancer.

What is HPV ?

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common viral infection of the reproductive tract. 
  • According to the United States, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, all women are at risk for cervical cancer.
  •  It occurs most often in women over age 30. Long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer. If detected early it is highly treatable. 
  • The SII vaccine is expected to give coverage of about 90 percent against the papillomavirus.

Prevalence in India :

  • Cervical cancer in India ranks as the second most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age, after breast cancer.
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO) data, 41, 91,000 women have died due to cervical cancer in India since 2019.


Who should get the HPV vaccine :

  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the HPV vaccination is routinely recommended at age 11 or 12. 
  • The vaccination can be started at 9 years and can be given at the age of 26 years.
  • The vaccine developed by SII can be administered to those in the 9 to 26 age group.

Existing vaccines in India :

  • Two vaccines licensed globally are available in India. 
  • Gardasil vaccine developed by Merck and Cervarix vaccine of GlaxoSmithKline.
  •  Each dose of Gardasil vaccine cost Rs 2,800 per dose while the Cervarix cost Rs 3,299.
  • The SII vaccine is expected to be much cheaper.

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